It's interesting to read.
STATE OF OHIO
(as amended to 1974)
We, the people of the State of Ohio, grateful to Almighty God
for our freedom, to secure its blessings and promote our com-
mon welfare, do establish this Constitution.
BILL OF RIGHTS
Sec. 1. All men are, by nature, free and independent, and have cer-
tain inalienable rights, among which are those of enjoying
and defending life and liberty, acquiring, possessing, and
protecting property, and seeking and obtaining happiness and
Sec. 2. All political power is inherent in the people. Government
is instituted for their equal protection and benefit, and
they have the right to alter, reform, or abolish the same,
when ever they may deem it necessary; and no special privi-
leges or immunities shall ever be granted, that may not be
altered, revoked, or repealed by the General Assembly.
Sec. 3. The people have the right to assemble together, in a peace-
able manner, to consult for their common good; to instruct
their Representatives; and to petition the General Assembly
for the redress of grievances.
Sec. 4. The people have the right to bear arms for their defence and
security; but standing armies, in time of peace, are danger-
ous to liberty, and shall not be kept up; and the military
shall be in strict subordination to the civil power.
Sec. 5. The right of trial by jury shall be inviolate, except that,
in civil cases, laws may be passed to authorize the render-
ing of a verdict by the concurrence of not less than three-
fourths of the jury. ( Adopted Sept. 3,1912.)
Sec. 6. There shall be no slavery in this state; nor involuntary
servitude, unless for the punishment of crime.
Sec. 7. All men have a natural and indefeasible right to worship
Almighty God according to the dictates of their own con-
science. No person shall be compelled to attend, erect, or
support any place of worship, or maintain any form of wor-
ship, against his consent; and no preference shall be given,
by law, to any religious society; nor shall any interference
with the rights of conscience be permitted. No religious
test shall be required, as a qualification for office, nor
shall any person be incompetent to be a witness on account
of his religious belief; but nothing herein shall be con-
strued to dispense with oaths and affirmations. Religion,
morality, and knowledge, however, being essential to good
government, it shall be the duty of the General Assembly to
pass suitable laws, to protect every religious denomination
in the peaceable enjoyment of its own mode of public wor-
ship, and to encourage schools and the means of instruction.
Sec. 8. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be sus-
pended, unless in cases of rebellion or invasion, the public
safety require it.
Sec. 9. All persons shall be bailable by sufficient sureties, except
for capital offenses where the proof is evident, or the pre-
sumption great. Excessive bail shall not be required; nor
excessive fines imposed; nor cruel and unusual punishments
Sec. 10. Except in cases of impeachment, cases arising in the army
and navy, or in the militia when in actual service in time
of war or public danger, and cases involving offenses for
which the penalty provided is less than imprisonment in the
penitentiary, no person shall be held to answer for a capi-
tal, or otherwise infamous, crime, unless on presentment or
indictment of a grand jury; and the number of persons neces-
sary to constitute such grand jury and the number thereof
necessary to concur in finding such indictment shall be
determined by law. In any trial, in any court, the party
accused shall be allowed to appear and defend in person and
with counsel; to demand the nature and cause of the accusa-
tion against him, and to have a copy thereof; to meet the
witnesses face to face, and to have compulsory process to
procure the attendance of witnesses in his behalf, and a
speedy public trial by an impartial jury of the county in
which the offense is alleged to have been committed; but
provision may be made by law for the taking of the deposi-
tion by the accused or by the state, to be used for or
against the accused, of any witness whose attendance can not
be had at the trial, always securing to the accused means
and the opportunity to be present in person and with counsel
at the taking of such deposition, and to examine the witness
face to face as fully and in the same manner as if in court.
No person shall be compelled, in any criminal case, to be a
witness against himself; but his failure to testify may be
considered by the court and jury and may be the subject of
comment by counsel. No person shall be twice put in jeo-
pardy for the same offense. ( Adopted Sept.3,1912.)
Sec. 11. Every citizen may freely speak, write, and publish his sen-
timents on all subjects, being responsible for the abuse of
the right; and no law shall be passed to restrain or abridge
the liberty of speech, or of the press. In all criminal pro-
secutions for libel, the truth may be given in evidence to
the jury, and if it shall appear to the jury, that the mat-
ter charged as libelous is true, and was published with good
motives, and for justifiable ends, the party shall be ac-
Sec. 12. No person shall be transported out of the State, for any of-
fense committed within the same; and no conviction shall
work corruption of blood, or forfeiture of estate.
Sec. 13. No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any
house, without the consent of the owner; nor, in time of
war, except in the manner prescribed by law.
Sec. 14. The right of the people to be secure in their persons,
houses, papers, and possessions, against unreasonable
searches and seizures shall not be violated; and no warrants
shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or
affirmation, particularly describing the place to be search-
ed, and the person and things to be seized.
Sec. 15. No person shall be imprisoned for debt in any civil action,
or mesne or final process, unless in cases of fraud.
Sec. 16. All courts shall be open, and every person, for an injury
done him in his land, goods, person, or reputation, shall
have remedy by due course of law, and shall have justice
administered without denial or delay. Suits may be brought
against the state, in such courts and in such manner, as may
be provided by law. ( Adopted Sept.3, 1912.)
Sec. 17. No hereditary emoluments, honors, or privileges, shall ever
be granted or conferred by this State.
Sec. 18. No power of suspending laws shall ever be exercised, except
by the General Assembly.
Sec. 19. Private property shall ever be held inviolate but subservi-
ent to the public welfare. When taken in time of war or
other public exigency, imperatively requiring its immediate
seizure or for the purpose of making or repairing roads,
which shall be open to the public, without charge, a compen-
sation shall be made to the owner, in money: and in all
other cases, where private property shall be taken for pub-
lic use, a compensation therefor shall first be made in
money, or first secured by a deposit of money; and such
compensation shall be assessed by a jury, without deduction
for benefits to any property of the owner.
Sec 19(a) Damages for wrongful death. The amount of damages recover-
able by civil action in the courts for death caused by the
wrongful act, neglect, or default of another, shall not be
limited by law. ( Adopted Sept.3,1912)
Sec. 20. This enumeration of rights shall not be construed to impair
or deny others retained by the people; and all powers, not
herein delegated, remain with the people.